Antoni Gaudi is arguably one of Spain’s most famous architects, known for his representation of Catalan Modernism in Barcelona. His style was extremely unique of his time and highly influenced by his passions: religion, architecture, and nature. He is famous for his use of vibrant colors, textures, and geometrical forms throughout the homes that he created. He was born in 1852 in Reus, Spain, a small town in the East Coast of Spain. His father was a copper smith and he was the youngest of five children. Antoni Gaudi made the big move to Barcelona and studied architecture at the Barcelona Higher School of Architecture, after serving in the military. He graduated in 1878 and worked as a draughtsman. Although he was a quiet and reserved character, but he had an amazing talented that was unseen in his time. The end of his life came to a dramatic ending in 1926 when he was run over by a tram on his way to the Sant Felip Neri church in Barcelona. However, no one actually knew that it was Antoni Gaudi himself and thought he was a beggar due to his shabby clothes! With so many of Antoni Gaudi’s work to see, you may be wondering what are the must-see sights – here is 9 of Antoni Gaudi’s master works that you need to visit.
#1 Sagrada Familia
Location: Carrer de Mallorca, 401, Barcelona
Sagrada Familia, the neo-Gothic styled Roman Catholic Church is possibly his most famous work with over 3 million visitors to the church every year. Although the church is still under construction, when it is completed it will be able to hold over 13,000 people with 18 tower! Each tower was carefully designed by Gaudi and his team of architectures with the four towers signifying 12 disciples, the four other towers represent four evangelists, and the other tower is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Inside the Basilica you will be blown away by the use of colour & architecture that Gaudi took from nature. This may be a busy sight to see, but it is definitely a must when you’re in Barcelona!
#2 Casa Mila
Location: Provença, 261-265, Barcelona
Casa Mila, also known as La Pedera due to its stone quarry exterior, is the last private residence that Antoni Gaudi designed. It was originally two residential buildings built around two courtyards built for Roser Segimón by Gaudi between 1906-1912. Although this home is now seen as a masterwork, when it was created it’s quirky style was criticized heavily. It’s stone like architecture is not only designed on the outside but also inside with constant curves used throughout.
#3 Episcopal Palace of Astorga
Location: Plaza de Eduardo Castro, Astorga, León
This is one of Gaudi’s masterpieces that is not located in Barcelona, instead it is built just outside in Leon. Designed with the Catalan Modernism style in mind, Antoni Gaudi created this building for Bishop Grau. The arches at the entrance and the chimneys on the sides are typical of Gaudi’s masterpieces.
#4 Casa Batllo
Location: Passeig de Gràcia, 43, Barcelona
This building was built in the center of Barcelona, making it the perfect masterpiece to visit.The original home was owned by Josep Batllo who wanted to live in a creative & unique home which is when he hired Gaudi to use his imagination to create an art nouveau home! The exterior is typical of Gaudi with colorful mosaic broken ceramic tiles with an arched roof terrace, similar to a dragon’s back. Colors make the home so unique with the use of green, violet, and pink colours. Like everything Gaudi has designed, his designs were ahead of his time!
#5 Casa Vicens
Location: Carrer de les Carolines, 20, Barcelona
Gaudi’s first home, Casa Vicens, was commissioned in 1877 when Gaudi was just 25 years old. Similar to the majority of Gaudi’s homes, this home was designed in an art nuoveau style with the use of decorative arts, textiles & ceramics. Using a mix of iron, concrete, glass, and ceramic tiles are incorporated in this Moorish Revival architecture. The house was designed with four levels: a basement, two floors for living, and a loft, with a horse-shoe shaped staircase which can all be visited.
#6 Casa Calvet
Location: Carrer de Sant Marc, 57, Sant Salvador de Guardiola, Barcelona.
Designed as a commercial building and residence, it’s considered Gaudi’s most conventional building in Barcelona located in the Eixample district. Built with wrought iron and stone, it does have the typical curves, double gables at the top and different sized balconies that Gaudi is famous for. Three sculpted heads at the top symbolize the owner.
#7 Park Güell
Location: Park Guell, 08024 Barcelona
This is another one of Gaudi’s most famous masterpieces to visit with an estimate of 4 million visitors a year. The plan for the park was designed by Eusebi Güell & Antoni Gaudi who wanted to create as a housing development. It is a public park on Carmel Hill with amazing landscaped gardens and one of the longest benches in the world. The entrance is guarded by a mosaic lizard with steps leading to the Sala Hipóstila with its 86 magnificent stoned columns. The other building is the Gaudi House Museum, where Gaudi lived for most of his last 20 years.
Location: Carrer de Bellesguard, 20, Barcelona
This house also known as Casa Figueres was constructed during 1900-1909. This house is reminiscent of a medieval castle with the exterior being made of stone slate and brick making it more of a neo-gothic style due to Gaudi’s inspiration taken from the previous medieval church that stood on the land.In the typical Gaudi style, the Torre Bellesguard tower, is its most recognizable feature with a cross of four arms, colored in red and yellow mosaics.
#9 Casa Botines
Location: Plaza San Marcelo, 5, León, Spain
Built as a residence and warehouse, it has many neo-Gothic characteristics with a medieval flair to it. Thanks to Eusebi Guell’s persuasion, Gaudi was influenced to build another house in Leon whereby he then created Casa Botines. The entrance has a unique sculpture of a dragon being slain by Saint George.